A pallet design is best checked for safety by using a software packet or through physical tests. The European and ISO standards define pallet load testing as the only way of working, since this approach as close as possible the reality testing. The Belgian packaging Institute conducts pallet tests according to the ISO 8611: Pallets for materials handling -- Flat pallets. This shows that some pallets are too heavily loaded in reality which could occur damage in the logistic chain. On the other hand, sometimes too strong pallets are delivered. Less material could then be used, which can yield a profit on large quantities.
ISO 8611 corner drop test
The purpose of this test is to determine the diagonal rigidity of the top deck of the pallet and its resistance to impact.
ISO 8611 Static shear test
The purpose of this test is to simulate the approximate forces induced through lateral deck shear.
ISO 8611 Bottom deck bending tests
The purpose of this test is to determin the strength and stiffness of the bottom deck between block or stingers when handling on twin rack conveyors or narrow span beam rack supports
ISO 8611 stacking test
The purpos of this test is to determine the ability of the pallet top and bottom decks to withstand the local effects of widely varaying payloads on subspans of decks between blocks and stringers in a bloch stacking situation.
ISO 8611 Compression tests for blocks or stringers
The purpose of this test is to determine the compression stiffness and strength of the blocks or stringers of te pallet.
ISO 8611 Fork lifting tests
The limiting condition of use for non-rackable and non-stackable single or double-deck pallets is the bending of the pallet on fork arm supports under the top deck of the pallet. With fork lift test we can measure the bending strength and bending stiffness
ISO 8611 Static air bag bending test
The purpose of this form of bendingtest is to simulate, as near as practically feasable, certain load applications as commonly encountered in the field.
ISO 8611 static wing pallet bending test
The purpose of these tests is to determine the bending strength and the bending stiffness of winged pallet during lifting with slings
ISO 8611 static bending test
The purpose of these tests is to determine the bending strength and the bending stiffness of pallet in the pallet in racking situations.